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William Duncombe. Center for Policy Research. 11/2005. p. 58.
Using data from rural school districts in New York, this paper provides the first direct estimation of consolidations cost impacts. We find economies of size in operating and capital spending: doubling enrollment cuts total costs per pupil by 28 percent for a 300-pupil district and by 9 percent for a 1,500-pupil district.
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William Duncombe (Center for Policy Research, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, NY) & John Yinger (Center for Policy Research, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, NY). Economics of Education Review. 01/2005. Vol. In Press, Corrected Proof.
This paper provides a guide to statistically based methods for estimating the extra costs of educating disadvantaged students, shows how these methods are related, and compares state aid programs that account for these costs in different ways.
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John Yinger & William Duncombe. Center for Policy Research. 11/4/2004.
The statement highlights the point that shifting from the implicit student-need weights in the AIR/MAP report to those Yinger and Duncombe have estimated could raise the annual cost of reaching a sound, basic education in New York City by up to $2 billion.
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John Yinger & William Duncombe. Center for Policy Research. 9/17/2004.
In this brief, Yinger and Duncombe outline their costing-out method and discuss its implication for New York City school finance reform.
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William Duncombe & John Yinger. Albany Times Union. 4/18/2004.
The final report of the New York State Commission on Education Reform, otherwise known as the Zarb Commission, contains a complicated set of proposals that would shift the blame for educational failure in poor urban school districts away from the state and onto the districts themselves. This is not reform; it is an attempt to evade the state's own responsibilities.
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William Duncombe (Center for Policy Research, the Maxwell School, Syracuse University) & John Yinger (Center for Policy Research, the Maxwell School, Syracuse University). Center for Policy Research . 04/2004. p. 26.
This report intends to discuss the key issues that are involved in developing an operating aid formula to support a performance adequacy standard for New York State. The authors review some of the methods that are available for estimating the cost of an adequate education, and highlight design choices in developing an operating aid system. Following the narrative discussion of design choices are detailed comparisons of five different school reform proposals: Syracuse University proposal, Midstate School Finance Consortium proposal, the Regents Proposal on School Aid for 2004-05, the Campaign for Fiscal Equity “Adequacy Study”, and state aid proposal,6 and the Final Report of the Commission on Education Reform (Zarb Commission)
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William Duncombe (Center for Policy Research, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University), John Yinger (Education Finance and Accountability Program, Center for Policy Research, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University) & Anna Lukemeyer (University of Nevada, Las Vegas). Center for Policy Research. 01/2004. p. 32.
This policy brief reviews first various definitions of “sound basic education” used in the current debate on educational adequacy in New York State school finance reform. The main part of the brief discusses how to calculate the cost of a sound basic education once it has been defined by lawmakers.
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Anna Lukemeyer (Greenspun College of Urban Affairs at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.), John Yinger (Center for Policy Research at the Maxwell School, Syracuse University) & William Duncombe (Center for Policy Research at the Maxwell School, Syracuse University). National Center for Education Statistics. 01/2004. p. 27.
This section reviews the experience of New York State in developing an adequacy standard for its school system and discusses in details three steps procedure to develop a foundation aid formula that underlies such a system. The objective of the paper is to provide guidance for any state that wants to design an adequacy-based finance system
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William Duncombe (Professor of Public Administration, and Senior Research Associate, Center for Policy Research, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University). Center for Policy Research. 01/2002. p. 126.
The objective of this study is to develop estimates of the costs of financing the achievement of higher standards. The key tools employed to estimate the cost of adequacy are education cost functions and cost of education indexes. The cost function approach uses statistical methods to extract from actual data the relationship between characteristics of students, the cost of living in an area, and the spending required to meet different performance standards. As long as recent history is a good predictor of the near future, the cost function approach should provide reasonably accurate estimates of the cost of adequacy.
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William Duncombe (Center for Policy Research, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, NY) & John Yinger (Center for Policy Research, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University, NY). Economics of Education Review. 01/2000. Vol. 19. Iss. 4. p. 363-386.
This paper derives an educational cost index and incorporates it into an aid formula designed to bring all districts up to a performance standard.
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