CFE files a lawsuit in State Supreme Court challenging the
constitutionality of New York States education funding system.
CFE v. State of New York, Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief (June, 1993)
June 15, 1995
The New York State Court of Appeals, New York States highest
court, gives CFE the green light to pursue a constitutional challenge
to the New Yorks education finance system on the grounds that it
denies thousands of students the opportunity to a sound basic
CFE v. State of New York, Court of Appeals (June 15, 1995)
January 9, 2001
The State Supreme Court rules in favor of CFE, declaring the
States school funding system unconstitutional. In his decision,
Justice Leland DeGrasse orders the State to reform the school
funding system to make it predictable, transparent, and aligned to
CFE v. State of New York, State Supreme Court Decision (Jan 9, 2001)
June 25, 2002
In a 4-1 vote, the Appellate Division, First Department, of the State
Supreme Court rejects the trial court's ruling that the current school
funding formula is inequitable and unconstitutional. The
intermediate appeals court holds that students in New York State are
only entitled to an eighth-grade level of education and preparation
for low-level jobs.
CFE v. State of New York, Appellate Decision (June 25, 2002)
CFE v. State of New York, Appellate Decision Summary (June 25, 2002)
June 26, 2003
In a 4-1 vote, the Court of Appeals reverses the Appellate Division
ruling and rules in favor of CFE ordering the State to reform the
CFE v. State of New York, Court of Appeals Decision (June 26, 2003)
CFE v. State of New York, Court of Appeals Decision summary (June 26, 2003)
July 30, 2004
The State of New York fails to meet the Court of Appeals deadline.
School Funding Deadline Missed; Districts Affected by Inaction; Government Divisions Blamed for Missing the Court Deadline
August 3, 2004
Justice Leland DeGrasse appoints three referees to deal with the
States non-compliance. They are given until November 30, 2004 to
submit a compliance plan to the court.
CFE v. State of New York, Justice DeGrasse's Order Appointing Referees (Aug 3, 2004)
August 5, 2004
Referees begin holding hearings with CFE and State attorneys to
review proposals for complying with the Court of Appeals order.
CFE v. State of New York, Report and Recommendations of the Judicial Referees (Nov 30, 2004)
March 16, 2005
Justice DeGrasse issues a final order which affirms the Judicial
Referee Panel's Recommendations; Orders State to Provide New
York City Schools an additional $5.63 Billion.
CFE v. State of New York, State Supreme Court Final Order (March 15, 2005)
March 23, 2006
The Appellate Division, First Department rules in favor of CFE
denying the Governors appeal and directs the State to provide the
citys schools with $4.7 billion to $5.63 billion in operating aid and
$9.2 billion in capital funding by the budget deadline of April 1,
CFE v. State of New York, Supreme Court Appellate Division Decision (March 23, 2006)
June 6, 2006
CFE files a brief to the Court of Appeals requesting the court issue a
clear and enforceable order that would bring the long-running CFE
school-funding case to a close.